Buddha Bamiyan - the project Buddha Bamiyan an indication of peace, peace on earth - Buddha Bamiyan

...the great Buddha of Bamiyan...

..a Culture-heritage of the World..

 

 

There in Afghanistan stood the greatest by “ hand of man” built “ upright standing” statue of the world.

The great Buddha of Bamiyan, a gigant, 53 m-high, in hand carved into a rock of a


 
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The great Buddha of Bamiyan

 

 In Afghanistan was located the largest standing statue of the world created by human hand.

  The large Buddha of Bamiyan, was packages

 

The great Buddha of Bamiyan, a gigant, 53 m-high, in hand carved into a rock of a Sandstone

Steepslope by Buddhist - Friars in the 2nd to 5th century. A crazinen - work - a great work of art in the double sense of the word.

 

           “ A Universalart - Heritage “ ! 

 

                  


 
 here, the large Buddha in the valley of Bamiyan with a height of 53 meters
 

The legend told us that lawful and cougeous King Salsal and Queen Shahmana have been carved into the rock as a monument.

Salsal had set free the people from two tyrantly beasts, although he did know what kind of destiny he was waiting for. Finally after his courageously act he and his wife consolidated to STONE.

 
 
 
In the 2nd and 3nd century, in Hindukusch, near a pass-way from Baktrien, two Buddha-Statues were carved into a rock in Kabul-Valley, gigantic-statues, 53 mts and 35 mts high. Both wear a dress of “Toya” in a “ Greece-Style” (A Graeco-Buddhism-Gandhanan-Culture).
In the 5th and 6th centuries friars stroked grottos into the rock, to live there. With that the “Monastery of Rocks” was founded. The great Buddha, called “Dipankara” is presenting the Buddha of the preceded World-Age. The smaller Buddha “Shakyamumi” with a height of 38 mts. also in Bamiyan-Valley, is presenting the “Historical Buddha”, so the Max Klimburg, a professor from Vienna and an Afghanistan-Expert.
For travellers in earlier days the statues with gold-leaf ennobled had been an immense

 

symbol.....the master with some of his works...........
It had to be a great number of picture-getters and assistants who stroked the 38mts and 53mts high statues out off weak sandstone, in the nearly 2.500 mts high Bamiyan-Valley, in the years from 100 to 200 AC. The construction of these giant statues wasnt only artist-like a real master-piece.

Specially also the logistical realizing of this task about a space of ten years is very admirable.
Never before in the 500th-century of the Buddha-History representations of pictorial and figurative Kind had been there. Acceptable is that’s a concession to the pictorial and figuarative representations of the Indian and Persian Gods, to give a counterweight to the Buddhism-Believers. They had decided to take a special way for the presenting of the statues out off the weak “konglasserat” like sandstone.
The Statues were stroked out off the rock only in raw way, then little holes were bored into the whole surface, also they put wooden-pegs in it and tied them together with thick mortar watered im ropes.
After that the hands and the dress were modelt up at this construction with mortar and put in golden and colored.
The great Buddha had a red and the little Buddha had a blue ground color. The folds of the dress were put down with gold. The ear- drops were decorated with precious jewels. Buddha`s (face was out off a wooden mask, covered with gold and copper. The friars could reach at the top of the statue over stairs, which were put in into the rock-wall. From there they could go behind the face-mask. Their songs and prayers could be heard until 30km through the valley, because the head-niche had a funnel tube which was acoustical favorable. (In the seventies of the 20th century scientist have checked this!)  
                                                         
 ... everything ...... past?...
 
 ....totale destruction of the two buddhastatuen in March 2001...
 

Near by 630 AC the Chinese Pilgrim Xuanzang (Hinentsary) did describe the enormous impression which the two statues had made to the travellers and the people in the valley, when he came into Bamiyan-Valley. He wrote : Their golden area glitters in the sun at every side and their worthful ornament is blinding the eyes with its shining. He also described the large monastery, which had been in that time between the two statues. Also a third great situated Buddha should have been there. Only stayed are the dark motronless empty caves. Not nearly two thousend years the two Buddha-Statues had survived there! In March 2001 they were blasted out off their niches (-4-) with brutally violence ! 

The Buddha-Statuary, which are knocked into a stone-wall-in a distance of 400 meters, are looking to the South into Bamiyan-Valley.

They make an impression up on the travellers, who are coming from the south, wich their brillant beauty.

They stood deep in thein rock-niches, to be protected for erosions. The head of the great Buddha-Statue was lying about 8 meters behind the rock-wall.

That had had an enormous importance for the Buddha-Friars.

 
mg@schnitzmeister.de
 
                                   Prehistoric times. :
 
                                               11th. - Century.
 
Even in the earlier times the great Buddha-Sculptures had been victims of attacks and destructive power. It was told that pictures-unfriendly fanatics haven beaten down the faces of the statuary. That was in the 11th-century, when the Islam pressed forward into the Buddha-Valley. But nobody knows it exactly. The scientific meaning is that the faces have been carved from wood. They were put up in a stone-rill over the lower lip. This theory is underpined by existent photos from the stone-rill. Perhaps the priests could go behind the wood-masks from there they have spoken to co-religionists, through the nostrils. The sculptures were deeply standing in the rock-niche, from there good acoustics were given.
                                               13th - century
 
In the 13th century Dschingis Khans fighters destroyed the town of Bamiyan, put out the whole population, destroyed also the irrigation systems and made the productive earth to a hard-wearing desert. But the monastery they let unused.
                                                16th - century
 
In the 16th century the legs of the great Buddha had been shot on with big bugs by Moghul-Emperor Aurangzeb to put down the whole statue.
The jewels and golden ornaments, which have decorated the eyes and ears, must be robbed already a time before.
                                                  20th - century
 
In the summer 1977, the great Buddha far-reaching is prepared and will be reconstructed. That`s a preserving step of the Daoud`s regime. In the 1990ns victims of the Civil-War search a place of refuge in the monastery-grottos. But one of the leading Taliban`s will threaten them with destroying the statuary, because their existence will offence against the intribition of pictures of the Islam. Still it isn`t time, but the little Buddha takes some damages by the conquest of the Taliban-Troops.
 
                                                    21th - century
 
But first of all. without an impression of heartwood, the colossus were standing in their niches and were looking without facial expressions about the wide valley to the south.
.......Until in March 2001 the sculptures had been put down into ruins and ashes by several tuns of explosives.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Es muß ein Heer an Bildhauern und Helfern gewesen sein, die um 100 bis 200 nach Chr. im etwa 2.500 Meter
hochgelegenem Bamiyan-Tal die 38 und 53 Meter hohen Statuen aus dem weichen Sandstein schlugen, die Gestaltung
dieser beiden monumentalen Statuen war nicht nur künstlerisch eine wahre Meisterleistung sondern auch die logistische
Durchführung  dieser Aufgabe über Jahrzehnte hinweg ist bewundernswert.
Noch nie zuvor hatte es in der bis dahin ca. 500jährigen buddhistischen Geschichte bildliche und figürliche Darstellungen
Buddhas gegeben. Man nimmt an das es sich um eine Konzession an die bildlichen und figürlichen Darstellungen der indischen und persischen
Götter um den buddhistischen Gläubigen ein Gegengewicht zu geben.
Man hatte sich bei dem weichen konglomerat ähnlichem Sandstein für einen ganz besonderen Weg der Gestaltung der Stauen
Entschieden, und zwar wurden die Statuen nur grob aus dem Fels geschlagen, dann haben sie in die gesamte Oberfläche kleine
Löcher gebohrt, in die sie Holzstifte steckten die sie wiederum mit dicken in Mörtel getränkten Tauen verbanden.
Danach wurden mit Mörtel Hände und Gewand auf diese Konstruktion modelliert und farbig gefasst und vergoldet.
Der gr. Buddha hatte eine rote und der kleiner Buddha eine blaue Grundfarbe. Die Falten des Gewandes waren mit Gold abgesetzt
Die Ohrgehänge mit Edelsteinen geschmückt.
Einige Wissentschaftler meinen das Gesicht des Buddhas bestand aus einer Holzmaske, die mit Gold und Kupfer beschlagen war.
Die Mönche konnten über Treppen die in die Felswand geschlagen waren auf den Kopf der Statue gelangen und von da aus hinter
die Gesichtsmaske treten. Ihre Gesänge und Gebete konnte man durch die akustisch günstige Trichterform der Kopfnische bis zu
30 km weit durch  das Tal schallen hören. ( Dies haben Wissenschaftler in den 70iger  Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts überprüft.)
 
Diesen überwältigenden Eindruck der beiden Statuen auf die Reisenden und die Talbevölkerung machten, beschrieb der chinesische Pilger Xuanzang (Hiuentsang) um 630 n. Chr
Als er in das Bamiyan Tal kam. Er schrieb: Ihre goldene Oberfläche funkelt auf jeder Seite und ihr wertvoller Schmuck blendet
mit seinem Glanz die Augen.
Er beschrieb auch das große Kloster das sich zu seiner Zeit zwischen den beiden Statuen befand, auch ein dritter
großer liegender Buddha soll sich dort befunden haben.
Geblieben sind nur die unzähligen in den Fels gehauenen Nischen und Wohnräume des Felsenklosters.
Geblieben auch die zwei dunkel starrenden leeren Höhlen  in der die Buddhastatuen von Bamiyan mehr nicht ganz zwei Jahrtauende
Überdauert hatten bis sie im März 2001 mit brutaler Gewalt aus Ihren Nischen gesprengt wurden.
.
 
Die in einem Abstand von etwa 400 Metern in die Felswand geschlagenen Buddhastatuen blicken  nach Süden in das Bamiyantal
und beeindruckten die aus dem Süden kommenden Reisenden mit ihrer alles überstrahlenden Schönheit.
 
Sie standen tief in ihren Felsennischen um vor Erosion geschützt zu sein, der Kopf der gr. Buddhastatue lag ca.8 Meter hinter der
Felswand zurück was eine große Akustische Bedeutung für die Buddhistischen Mönche hatte.
 
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